Wouldn’t you just love to take a long sip from that mythical fountain of youth so you never have to worry about a wrinkle again?
Ageing is a fact of life, and changes to our skin are one of the most visible signs of ageing. There may not be a magical fountain of youth, but there’s a lot we can do to keep our skin looking as good as possible as we embrace this beautiful adventure called life.
‘I first started to notice a few small lines around the corners of my eyes when I was in my late 20s. I wanted to do as much as possible to prevent them from getting worse, so I started to wear sunglasses and sun cream more often. I also began looking into which skin creams and ingredients would be most effective to keep my skin looking as fresh as possible.’
We know that it can be hard to find the best skincare products for mature skin. AMPERNA® has a range of products that can be of benefit for those looking to target wrinkles, fine lines and other signs of ageing.
Which AMPERNA® Products can be of Benefit for People Looking to Reduce the Signs of Premature Ageing?
The entire AMPERNA® range contains skin-loving ingredients that help hydrate and protect mature skin. Our products soothe the skin while helping to visibly target dullness, uneven skin tone, wrinkles and fine lines.
AMPERNA® products contain a unique probiotic complex that delivers good bacteria to your skin gently and effectively. Our probiotic formula helps refresh the appearance of skin, making it ideal for mature skin.
AMPERNA® 10% Pro+ Resurfacing Lotion contains 10% glycolic acid (AHA) and antioxidants to calm redness and improve the skin’s texture. Glycolic acid helps reduce the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, dark circles and uneven skin tone. Our glycolic lotion has been specifically formulated for sensitive skin and is the first to market in this category.
Chemical exfoliants can increase skin’s sensitivity to the sun. Always wear sunscreen and appropriate sun protection while using this product.
As everyone's skin is different we recommend you undertake a spot test in a small, discreet area to test for adverse reactions before using any new product.
Why does Skin Change as we Age?
As we get older, the outer layer of our skin gets thinner and more fragile. Below this layer, our connective tissue changes, reducing our skin’s elasticity and strength.
In an article for Scientific American, Susan Obagi, assistant professor in dermatology at the University of Pittsburgh, explains that there are two factors when it comes to skin ageing; intrinsic ageing and extrinsic ageing.
According to Susan, intrinsic ageing is what happens to us all naturally, regardless of other influences like the environment. After we turn 20, we produce less collagen in our skin, resulting in the skin becoming thinner and more fragile. Our sebaceous glands produce less oil, meaning that skin can dry out more easily, and we produce less elastin.
Extrinsic ageing is additional to what happens naturally. This includes sun and environmental damage (such as smoking and exposure to pollution). As we get older, sun damage starts to show up more visibly in the form of dark spots and wrinkles. It also speeds up the loss of collagen and elastin. These extrinsic factors are what really accelerate the visible signs of ageing.
In Susan’s opinion, the key to minimising wrinkles is all about prevention.
What Causes Wrinkles and Premature Ageing on the Face?
There are many things that we know to cause wrinkles, and probably just as many myths about the subject.
Five of the top things listed as causes of wrinkles and ageing skin include:
Sun damage via UV exposure
UV exposure is the most common reason for the premature appearance of wrinkles. It also contributes to thinning the top layer of skin as well as causing a breakdown of collagen.
Our founder Kiri is a big fan of wearing hats, sunglasses and sunscreen whenever she heads outside – it not only serves to protect her sensitive skin but helps to limit sun damage and signs of ageing.
Contracting our face into a smile or a frown results in the formation of wrinkles over time.
Loss of volume
As we get older we lose our skin’s plumpness due to loss of collagen and hyaluronic acid. This leads to sagging and the more visible appearance of wrinkles.
Everything starts to sag downwards over time as skin elasticity decreases, leading to drooping cheeks and eyes, which contribute towards facial wrinkles.
Reduced ability for our skin to retain moisture
The glands that secrete oil shrink as we age, leaving our skin without a protective layer of oil. This leads to a decrease in ability to stay moisturised, making the skin dry and scaly.
For more reading on what could cause your skin to age, you might find this article from Health.com interesting.
Could our Pillow also be to Blame?
Some people (including some dermatologists) believe that how you sleep and the pillowcase you lie on can be a contributing factor towards wrinkles.
It does make sense that over time, if we are always sleeping on the same side of our face, prolonged pressure could cause creases that may be less likely to go away as we age.
Maybe the Japanese Geisha had the right idea in terms of sleeping on their back with their neck supported on a small platform! But don’t throw your pillow away just yet…
The jury is still out on this one. While one very small study did report a link, a slightly larger study concluded that there was no significant correlation between the appearance of wrinkles and what side people sleep on.
Can Wrinkles be Prevented?
Research studies have shown that using a good sunscreen daily can help to prevent the signs of premature ageing.
In a 2013 study published by the American College of Physicans’ Annals of Internal Medicine, researchers compared skin aging in Australian men and women over a four-year period. They found that the use of daily sunscreen significantly slowed skin aging, even in those of middle age.
Other ways that have been suggested to minimise facial wrinkles and other visible signs of ageing include:
- Moisturising regularly to help prevent dryness, bruising and tearing.
- Using a cream that contains retinol.
- Using a humidifier while you sleep in order to keep the skin hydrated and supple.
- Limiting alcohol consumption (excessive drinking can lead to dehydration, amplifying imperfections).
- Limiting salt intake (according to Dr Kim, a dermatologist in California, too much sodium can cause eyelids to retain excess fluid (Source: Readers Digest).
- Having a healthy diet full of fresh fruit and vegetables as well as healthy oils and whole grains (according to researchers a the University of Maryland Medical Center, a healthy diet focused around these foods may protect our skin from free radical damage because they are high in antioxidants).
- Using topical creams containing antioxidants - exposure to the sun reduces the natural antioxidants in our skin, but research has shown that creams containing antioxidants ‘may help reduce the risk of wrinkles and protect against sun damage.’ (Source: University of Maryland Medical Center).
- Regular exfoliation (resurfacing) to remove the top layer of skin and allow the growth of new skin.
- Getting plenty of sleep – yes beauty sleep really is a thing, read on for more info!
Sleep and Ageing
A 2013 study by the University Hospitals Case Medical Centre found that people who had poor sleep patterns showed increased signs of skin ageing and slower recovery from a range of environmental factors such as sun damage.
‘Our study is the first to conclusively demonstrate that inadequate sleep is correlated with reduced skin health and accelerates skin aging,’ explains Dr Baron, Director of the Skin Study Center at UH Case Medical Center (Source: Science Daily).
Poor quality sleepers showed increased signs of intrinsic ageing including fine lines, uneven pigmentation and reduced skin elasticity.
Well there’s one more reason to switch the alarm clock to snooze and close your eyes for another fifteen minutes of beauty sleep!
If you’re interested in reading more about the treatment and prevention of skin wrinkles and blemishes, you might like to read this article from the University of Maryland Medical Center.
If there’s one thing to take away from almost every article and piece of research written about anti-ageing, it’s that sun protection is super important. Head over to our page on sunburn for more information about sun protection.
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. If symptoms persist, we recommend that you see your GP or dermatologist.